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Allusions of Exodus in Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath

Persecution in the Promised Land

Main Site
Spies and Fruit
Protecting the Weak
Promised Land
The Burning Bush
Baby in a Basket
Persecution in the Promised Land
Passing of the Elders
12 Tribes of Israel
Physical Journey

Allusions of threats towards the Joads and Israelites in the Promised Land

13:28
Nevertheless the people be strong that dwell in the land, and the cities are walled, and very great: and moreover we saw the children of Anak there.
13:29
The Amalekites dwell in the land of the south: and the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains: and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the coast of Jordan.
13:30
And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it.
13:31
But the men that went up with him said, We be not able to go up against the people; for they are stronger than we.
13:32
And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature.
13:33
And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.

http://www.cforc.com/kjv/Numbers/index.html

 

All of the peoples who are mentioned by the spies are a threat to the Israelites as they want to enter the promised land.  They constantly encounter these groups and must often fight with them before they are finally permitted to enter the land of milk and honey.  In comparison the Joad family encounters many obstacles fo their own as many people try to discourage them from their dream and many Californians do not want any Okies in their state.  They are even treated harshly and unfairly by the authorities and there is nothing that they can do but consent to it becasue they are powerless.  Just as the Israelites had seemed powerless to these enormous adversaries that they encountered.

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