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Allusions of Exodus in Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath

Passing of the Elders
Main Site
Spies and Fruit
Protecting the Weak
Promised Land
The Burning Bush
Baby in a Basket
Persecution in the Promised Land
Passing of the Elders
12 Tribes of Israel
Physical Journey

Allusions of those who died en route to the Promised Land

34:1 And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, that is over against Jericho. And the LORD shewed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan,
34:2 And all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim, and Manasseh, and all the land of Judah, unto the utmost sea,
34:3 And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar.
34:4 And the LORD said unto him, This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed: I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither.
34:5 So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD.
34:6 And he buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor: but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day.
34:7 And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.
34:8 And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days: so the days of weeping and mourning for Moses were ended.
-Book of Deuteronomy, Old Testament
"Grandpa seemed to be struggling; all his muscles twitched.  And suddenly he jarred as though under a heavy blow.  He lay still and his breath was stopped.  Casy looked down at the old man's face and saw that it was turning a blackish purple."
-The Grapes of Wrath, Chapter 13, page 187

Exodus is the story of God's ability to save us from circumstances that seem to be impossible and hopeless. It opens with a people of promise feeling as if they had been forgotten and left for dead. By the time the book ends, they are breathing fresh air, camped at the foot of "miracle mountain," and ready for their next test of faith.  The journey takes many years and only the descendants of the original exodus remain.  When the unit arrives at Canaan, Moses was not allowed to enter the promise land.



Moses was the leader of the exodus to the promise land as Grandpa was the leader of the Joad’s exodus to their promise land in California.  In both cases the leaders were not allowed to enter the land of milk and honey, or ice-cream on a golden plate because of either death of old age.



Created by Phil, Jesse and Ben